Week 1: Introduction to Corrections

Published by Brenda I. Belcher

Apr 4, 2021


Please note that this is just a preview of a school assignment posted on our website by one of our clients. If you need assistance with this question too, please click on the Submit Your Instructions at the bottom of the page to get started.

Week 1: Introduction to Corrections

After a criminal offender is arrested by a law enforcement officer and sentenced by a judge or jury, he or she enters the correctional system. Today’s correctional system is a network of agencies designed to carry out court-ordered punishments, rehabilitate criminal offenders, and, if necessary, ensure that the worst criminal offenders remain separated from the rest of society. The responsibility to carry out the most severe punishments, such as life in prison or the death penalty, while maintaining control over incarcerated offenders is challenging and not without controversy.

This week, you will begin your exploration of the correctional system by considering the history and evolution of two important topics: punishments and prison conditions.    

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Summarize the historical origins and evolution of prison conditions and punishments
  • Evaluate the constitutionality of historical and contemporary prison conditions and punishments

Learning Resources

Required Readings

Hanser, R. D. (2017). Introduction to corrections (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.Chapter 1, “Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States” (pp. xxviii–27)Introduction to Corrections, 2nd Edition by Hanser, R. Copyright 2017 by SAGE Publications, Inc. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications, Inc via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Braatz, E. E. (2016). The Eighth Amendment’s milieu: Penal reform in the late eighteenth century. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 106(3), 405–472.Reiter, K. (2016). Reclaiming the power to punish: Legislating and administrating the California supermax, 1982–1989. Law & Society Review, 50(2), 484–518.

Discussion: Prison Conditions and Punishments

The first prison in the United States opened in 1790. Shortly thereafter, in 1791, the Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution was established, which includes a clause against the use of “cruel and unusual punishment.” The court’s interpretation of this clause has evolved over time, just as punishments and prison conditions have evolved. Some punishments and prison conditions have been deemed “cruel and unusual” while others have not.

For this Discussion, select one of the following topics to discuss in terms of its history and evolution within the correctional system and the degree to which the Eighth Amendment applies:

  • Prison conditions (access to fresh air, light, and medical care, sanitation and hygiene, and overcrowding)
  • Punishments (hard labor, corporal punishment, solitary confinement, capital punishment)

By Day 3

Post a response that addresses the following:

  • Summarize briefly the historical origins and evolution of the topic you selected (prison conditions or punishments).
  • Would any of the conditions or punishments you described violate the Eighth Amendment’s clause of cruel and unusual punishment? Why or why not?
  • Support your argument with evidence from the Learning Resources. You may also incorporate relevant professional experience.

By Day 5

Respond to at least two colleagues:

  • Respond to colleagues who chose a different topic than you did.
  • Respectfully agree or disagree with their argument regarding violations of the Eighth Amendment.    

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 1 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 1 Discussion

Week in Review

This week, you began your exploration of the correctional system by considering the history and evolution of two important topics: punishments and prison conditions.

Next week, you broaden your focus by considering the full history of corrections, how it has evolved, and how it has influenced the contemporary correctional practices.

Next Week


Need Writing Help? Our writing specialists are here 24/7, every day of the year, ready to support you! Instantly chat with an online tutor below or click here to submit your paper instructions to the writing team.


More than just an assignment.

Explore Now →

Who is this homework service for?

* If you are having a really hard class and want to get through it, then this is for you.

* If you have a medical emergency or someone close to you has a medical emergency and you don’t think you’ll be able to turn your assignment on time, this is definitely a service you could use.

* You can use us if you are having a tough Professor who won’t give you the grades you deserve.

* If you have a tight work schedule and you are getting points deducted for not submitting assignments on time.

* English might not be your first language and you feel like you are being left behind in class because of it.

* If you have a large project coming up and don’t think you have enough time to get it done well, definitely reach out to us.


Super stoked you are checking us out! We would like to help you with your assignment. We just need a few things from you:

* The full assignment instructions as they appear on your school account.

* If a Rubric is present, make sure to attach it.

* Any relevant weekly readings or learning resources.

* Include any special announcements or emails you might have gotten from your Professor regarding your assignment.

* Any templates or additional files required to complete the assignment.

If your assignment is somewhat complex and you need to explain it, please don’t hesitate to reach out to me via live chat. 



Frequently asked questions

How soon can I get my paper done?
It depends with your deadline. If you need your paper completed in 3 hours, we will deliver it in that time. All you need to do is indicate your deadline in our custom order page here. Alternatively, if you are sending us your instructions via email, please be sure to indicate your deadline.
Will it be completely original? I don't want to be caught in a case of Academic Integrity Violation.

We are as paranoid as you are. Maybe even more! And we understand that the greatest sin you can commit in your academic journey is plagiarizing your academic work. To that end, we have made sure that we check and double-check our papers using high quality plagiarism detection tools such as SafeAssign and Turnitin before submitting the paper to you.

Who is my writer? Is he/she a native English Speaker?

All our writers are native English Speakers. That is not to say that ESL writers are not good, we just prefer hiring native writers because we want the very best people working on your paper. This might mean paying a little bit more for your paper as opposed to when you pay a foreign company whose writers are non-native English Speakers.

What if I need revisions? Will your charge additional for this?

Of course not! If you do happen to require a revision on your paper, our team will handle it for you free of charge. Matter of fact, we won’t rest till you are happy with your paper. So, ask for as many revisions as you need, it’s completely FREE!

Will you give me my money back if I don't like my paper?

We have very few instances where we delivered a paper that a client didn’t fall in love with. But if it so happens that you don’t like your paper for any reason whatsoever, we’ll refund your money back no questions asked.

I have more assignments after this, can you help me with those too?

Of course! And what’s even better is that we can reserve a writer permanently to work on your entire class. This comes in handy for projects which build up on each other and where you need just one writer, one writing style.

I got my order information wrong, can I change that?

Yes you can. Just reach out to our support team via email (support@essaynook.com) or live chat here and they’ll help you change the instructions.

Can I place an order via email instead of going through the order page?

Yes you can. Email Anna at anna@essaynook.com, she’s in charge of our sales team. Alternatively, you can talk to our Live Chat team here and request to speak to Anna.

Trusted by Thousands of Students

Delivering quality assignments since 2007