2173 Salk Avenue, Suite 250 Carlsbad, CA

+ (516) 373-0809

NR566: Week 1: Clinical Case Study (Original response due by Wednesday, responses due by Sunday)

February 28, 2021
Brenda I. Belcher

Purpose 

Problem-based learning is a methodology designed to help students develop the reasoning process used in clinical practice through problem solving actual patient problems in the same manner as they occur in practice.  The purpose of this activity is to develop students’ clinical reasoning skills using a case-based learning exercise. Through participation in an online discussion forum, students identify learning issues in a self-directed manner which facilitates learning for the entire group. 

Activity Learning Outcomes 

Through this discussion, the student will demonstrate the ability to: 

  1. Synthesize clinical knowledge, didactic learning and research findings to provide appropriate pharmacological care to primary care patients. (CO 1, 2, 3, 4, & 6) 

Due Date:  

The student must provide an initial response to the discussion topic by Wednesday, 11:59pm MT. Subsequent posts, including substantive responses to peer(s) and faculty questions must occur by Sunday, 11:59pm MT. A total of 3 substantive posts are required on 3 different days.  

 A 10% late penalty will be imposed for initial discussions posted after the deadline on Wednesday 11:59pm MT, regardless of the number of days late. NOTHING will be accepted after 11:59pm MT on Sunday (i.e. student will receive an automatic 0). Week 8 discussion closes on Saturday at 11:59pm MT. 

 A 10% penalty will be imposed for not entering the minimum number of interactive dialogue posts (3) OR not posting on the minimum required number of days (3). NOTHING will be accepted after 11:59pm MT on Sunday (i.e. student will receive an automatic 0) 

Total Points Possible:  100 

Case Study & Discussion Questions 

John is a 46-year-old male who presents for his yearly physical examination. He has no complaints. Previous medical history is notable for obesity and hyperlipidemia. He reports a very sedentary lifestyle. He sits at a desk for 8 to 10 hours per day and when he comes home he “just wants to relax in front of the television.” He doesn’t feel motivated enough to exercise on a regular basis, although he knows he should.   

John is allergic to penicillin (hives). Medications include atorvastatin 10mg daily and a multivitamin. He occasionally takes acetaminophen for a headache.  

Family history is significant for diabetes (mother, maternal grandmother, paternal grandfather) and hypertension (father and brother). He is a nonsmoker and reports drinking “a few beers on the weekend during football season”. His diet largely consists of fast food meals. He drinks sweet tea with every meal and an additional 3-4 cups of coffee per day. Previous labs and exam last year are unremarkable. 

Vitals today: BP 130/70 mm Hg, pulse 82 and regular, temperature 98.7, respirations 18, height 6’1”, weight 235 pounds (up 3 lbs. since his visit 1 year ago). He completed fasting labs prior to this appointment as he was instructed which reveal the following: 

Fasting plasma glucose=209 mg/dl, HgbA1C=9.1%, TSH=4.0mU/L and Free T4=1.1 ng/dl. Fasting lipid panel includes the following: total cholesterol=190 mg/dL, HDL=35 mg/dL, LDL=120 mg/dL and triglycerides=260 mg/dL. 

Physical exam is remarkable for obesity but is otherwise normal. 

  • What are your treatment goals for John? 
  • What is your pharmacologic plan and rationale? (cite with appropriate clinical practice guidelines or scholarly, peer-reviewed journals) 
  • What is the mechanism of action for each drug? 
  • Please give five medication teaching points for each drug prescribed. 
  • How would you change the plan if his initial HbgA1C was 14.0 mg/dL and his fasting blood glucose was 350mg/dL along with a urine dipstick that revealed 3+ glucose and + ketones? Provide a detailed alternative plan with the rationale. 

Discussion Guiding Principles 

The ideas and beliefs underpinning the discussions guide students through engaging dialogues as they achieve the desired learning outcomes/competencies associated with their course in a manner that empowers them to organize, integrate, apply and critically appraise their knowledge to their selected field of practice. The use of discussions provides students with opportunities to contribute level-appropriate knowledge and experience to the topic in a safe, caring, and fluid environment that models professional and social interaction. The ebb and flow of a discussion is based upon the composition of student and faculty interaction in the quest for relevant scholarship. Participation in the discussion generates opportunities for students to actively engage in the written ideas of others by carefully reading, researching, reflecting, and responding to the contributions of their peers and course faculty. Discussions foster the development of members into a community of learners as they share ideas and inquiries, consider perspectives that may be different from their own, and integrate knowledge from other disciplines. 

Direct Quotes 

Good writing calls for the limited use of direct quotes. Direct quotes in discussions are to be limited to one short quotation (not to exceed 15 words). The quote must add substantively to the discussion. Points will be deducted under the grammar, syntax, APA category. 

**To see view the grading criteria/rubric, please click on the 3 dots in the box at the end of the solid gray bar above the discussion board title and then Show Rubric.  

DISCUSSION CONTENT 
Category Points % Description 
Application of Course Knowledge 35 35% Decisions are well supported with evidence based medicine (EBM) arguments that are in-line with the scenario; AND Proper rationale and reasoning skills are demonstrated; AND Information is taken from source(s) with appropriate interpretation/evaluation to develop a comprehensive analysis or synthesis of the topic at hand; AND Applies concepts to personal experience in the professional setting and/or information has relevant application to real life; AND All of the post makes direct reference to concepts discussed in the lesson; AND Posts are on topic and answer all presented questions which demonstrates a solid understanding of the topic. (6 critical elements) 
Support from Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) 35 35% Discussion post is supported with appropriate, scholarly sources; uses valid, relevant, and reliable outside sources to contribute to the threaded discussion; AND  Sources are published within the last 5 years (unless it is the most current CPG); AND Reference list is provided and in-text citations match; AND Provides relevant evidence of scholarly inquiry clearly stating how the evidence informed or changed professional or academic decisions (4 critical elements) 
Interactive Dialogue 15 15% Student provides a substantive* response to at least one topic-related post of a peer; AND Evidence from appropriate scholarly sources are included; AND Reference list is provided and in-text citations match; AND Student responds to all direct faculty questions OR if student was not asked a direct question student responds to either a 2nd peer post or a faculty question directed towards another student (*) A substantive post adds new content or insights to the discussion thread and information from student’s original post is not reused in peer or faculty response (4 critical elements) 
   Total CONTENT Points= 85 pts 
DISCUSSION FORMAT 
Category Points % Description 
Grammar, Syntax, Spelling & Punctuation 15 15% Discussion post has minimal grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, or APA format errors* (*) APA style references and in text citations are required; however, there are no deductions for errors in indentation or spacing of references. All elements of the reference otherwise must be included.  
   Total FORMAT Points= 15 pts 
   DISCUSSION TOTAL= 100 pts 

Struggling With a Similar Paper? Get Reliable Help Now.

Delivered on time. Plagiarism-free. Good Grades.

What is this?

It’s a homework service designed by a team of 23 writers based in Carlsbad, CA with one specific goal – to help students just like you complete their assignments on time and get good grades!

Why do you do it?

Because getting a degree is hard these days! With many students being forced to juggle between demanding careers, family life and a rigorous academic schedule. Having a helping hand from time to time goes a long way in making sure you get to the finish line with your sanity intact!

How does it work?

You have an assignment you need help with. Instead of struggling on this alone, you give us your assignment instructions, we select a team of 2 writers to work on your paper, after it’s done we send it to you via email.

What kind of writer will work on my paper?

Our support team will assign your paper to a team of 2 writers with a background in your degree – For example, if you have a nursing paper we will select a team with a nursing background. The main writer will handle the research and writing part while the second writer will proof the paper for grammar, formatting & referencing mistakes if any.

Our team is comprised of native English speakers working exclusively from the United States. 

Will the paper be original?

Yes! It will be just as if you wrote the paper yourself! Completely original, written from your scratch following your specific instructions.

Is it free?

No, it’s a paid service. You pay for someone to work on your assignment for you.

Is it legit? Can I trust you?

Completely legit, backed by an iron-clad money back guarantee. We’ve been doing this since 2007 – helping students like you get through college.

Will you deliver it on time?

Absolutely! We understand you have a really tight deadline and you need this delivered a few hours before your deadline so you can look at it before turning it in.

Can you get me a good grade? It’s my final project and I need a good grade.

Yes! We only pick projects where we are sure we’ll deliver good grades.

What do you need to get started on my paper?

* The full assignment instructions as they appear on your school account.

* If a Grading Rubric is present, make sure to attach it.

* Include any special announcements or emails you might have gotten from your Professor pertaining to this assignment.

* Any templates or additional files required to complete the assignment.

How do I place an order?

You can do so through our custom order page here or you can talk to our live chat team and they’ll guide you on how to do this.

How will I receive my paper?

We will send it to your email. Please make sure to provide us with your best email – we’ll be using this to communicate to you throughout the whole process.

Getting Your Paper Today is as Simple as ABC

No more missed deadlines! No more late points deductions!

}

You give us your assignments instructions via email or through our order page.

Our support team selects a qualified writing team of 2 writers for you.

l

In under 5 minutes after you place your order, research & writing begins.

Complete paper is delivered to your email before your deadline is up.

Want A Good Grade?

Get a professional writer who has worked on a similar assignment to do this paper for you