Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 5 – Discussion

Week 5 – Discussion Forum

9696 unread replies.108108 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 Logic and Life [WLO: 4] [CLOs: 2, 3, 4]

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Chapter 9 in your textbook and complete the interactive module The Graduate (Links to an external site.). In addition, watch the video The Value of Critical Thinking in Daily Life (Links to an external site.) (displayed below).

https://cdnapisec.kaltura.com/p/1501441/sp/150144100/embedIframeJs/uiconf_id/24035961/partner_id/1501441?iframeembed=true&playerId=kaltura_player&entry_id=0_6td5unxp&flashvars%5BlocalizationCode%5D=en&flashvars%5BleadWithHTML5%5D=true&flashvars%5BsideBarContainer.plugin%5D=true&flashvars%5BsideBarContainer.position%5D=left&flashvars%5BsideBarContainer.clickToClose%5D=true&flashvars%5Bchapters.plugin%5D=true&flashvars%5Bchapters.layout%5D=vertical&flashvars%5Bchapters.thumbnailRotator%5D=false&flashvars%5BstreamSelector.plugin%5D=true&flashvars%5BEmbedPlayer.SpinnerTarget%5D=videoHolder&flashvars%5BdualScreen.plugin%5D=true&&wid=0_edqszmz4

One of the advantages of learning logic and critical thinking is that it can benefit all areas of one’s life. The ability to research all sides before arriving at a position on an issue, the humility to consider opposing points of view in a fair-minded way, the wisdom to evaluate the quality of reasoning for and against positions, the capacity to recognize and avoid logical fallacies, and the skill to be able to construct effective reasoning all can benefit us by helping us to arrive at positions that are most justified by the evidence (and therefore most likely to be true).

These habits, when applied, can also help us to make decisions based on a more comprehensive understanding of different points of view, to better appreciate other people’s perspectives, to be clearer and more persuasive in our reasoning, and to avoid making decisions that are not rationally justified. The discussion this week is designed to assist us in this process of applying critical thinking to our daily lives.

Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt, and read any resources that are required to complete the discussion properly.

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 4 Journal

Week 4 Journal

[WLO: 3] [CLOs: 3, 4, 5]

Reflect on what you have learned in this course about how to construct high-quality arguments for positions. Give an example of how the ability to think logically and to construct good arguments could help you in your career and your daily life. In what ways will the skill of being able to evaluate the quality of reasoning on all sides better enable you to discover what is true and to make better choices? (Feel free to reference the specific area of life that you raised in your post your introduction in Week 1.)

Finally, consider the argument you have been developing for your writing assignments. How have fairly considering multiple points of view helped you clarify your own perspective? What advice would you give to people to help them understand issues more clearly and objectively while being fair to all sides? Feel free to comment on any other values you have gained from this course so far.

Your journal entry must be at least 250 words. You do not need to follow APA Style for this journal entry, but you should proofread your work to eliminate errors of grammar and spelling.

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 4 – Discussion

Week 4 – Discussion Forum

7272 unread replies.9292 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 Science and Explanations [WLOs: 1, 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4]

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Chapter 6 in your textbook.

Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt.

Guided Response: In addition to your original post, post a minimum of three responses for a total of at least four posts. At least two responses must be to your classmates; the third response could be to a classmate or your instructor. Be sure to post on three separate days throughout the week to promote further engagement and discussion. Each response should be a minimum of 75 words.

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 3 – Assignment

Scholarly Arguments

[WLOs: 1, 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 5]

In the Week 1 Presenting Arguments assignment, you objectively and neutrally evaluated reasoning on each side of your question from non-scholarly sources. For this assignment, you will objectively and neutrally evaluate and present the reasoning from scholarly sources on the same question. For an example of how to complete this paper, take a look at the Week Three Example  downloadpaper (in the classroom). Be sure to incorporate any relevant feedback you got from the instructor on your first paper.

Conduct research from scholarly sources on each side of your issue and write a paper that includes the following:

  • Introduction (approximately 100 words)
    • Explain your topic and state the specific question that you are addressing.
  • Presentation of an Argument
    • Describe the scholarly source on one side of the issue.
      • Summarize the key points made. (approximately 100 words)
    • Present what you see as the main argument from that source in standard form with the premises listed above the conclusion. (approximately 100 words)
    • Evaluate the quality of the reasoning in this source.
      • You may address questions such as how adequately the article supports the premises with research and how strongly the premises of the argument support the truth of the conclusion. (approximately 200 words)
  • Presentation of an Opposing Argument
    • Describe the scholarly source on the other side of the issue.
      • Summarize the key points made. (approximately 100 words)
    • Present what you see as the main argument from that source in standard form, with the premises listed above the conclusion. (approximately 100 words)
    • Evaluate the quality of the reasoning in this source.
      • You may address questions such as how adequately the article supports the premises with research and how strongly the premises of the argument support the truth of the conclusion. (approximately 200 words)
  • Evaluation of Arguments in Non-Scholarly and Scholarly Sources (approximately 200 words)
    • Discuss the differences in the quality of the reasoning or in the degree of support in the sources that you analyzed (Scholarly and Popular Resources (1) (Links to an external site.)).
      • Some specific types of questions you might address here include: Who is the target audience? What types of motives may be influencing these authors? Discuss any logical fallacies in any of the sources.
    • Conclusion (approximately 50 words)
      • Reflect on how this activity might influence how you conduct research in the future.
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The Scholarly Arguments paper

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 3 – Discussion

Week 3 – Discussion Forum

7676 unread replies.100100 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 Understanding Fallacies [WLOs: 1, 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3]

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Chapters 7 and 8 in your textbook, and read the standardized guidance (under the “Lectures” tab). In addition, to help you better to know the fallacies, watch the following videos (which are also embedded):

Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt, and read Chapter 7 from our textbook. Based on the selected prompt, you may need to review one or more of the interactive modules below to better prepare for your discussion:

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 2 – Discussion

Week 2 – Discussion Forum

111111 unread replies.125125 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 Common Argument Forms [WLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4]

Prior to beginning work on this discussion,

Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt, and read any resources that are required to complete the discussion properly.

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103 Week 1 – Assignment

Presenting Arguments

[WLOs: 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 5]

In this class, we learn to evaluate issues in light of the reasoning on all sides prior to arriving at conclusions. We aim to evaluate the quality and quantity of evidence, striving to be as objective as we can about what is most likely to be true.

If you have not done so already, begin by choosing a topic from the Final Paper Options  downloadlist (located in your online classroom) to use in your writing assignments in this course. The next step is to formulate a specific research question that is important regarding this topic. You may review The Research Process (Links to an external site.) resource for more information. So, if your topic is gun control, you would formulate a specific question, such as, “Are universal background checks effective at reducing violent crime in America?”

Once you have formulated your question, conduct research from non-scholarly sources on the internet (e.g., news articles, op-eds, etc.) that present substantive reasoning on each side of the issue.

Your task is to present and evaluate the reasoning from a non-scholarly source on each side of your issue. There is no need to take sides on the issue at this stage. In your analysis, strive to be as objective as possible, evaluating the reasoning from a neutral point of view. For an example of how to complete this paper, take a look at the Week 1 Example  downloadpaper.

Your paper should include clearly labeled sections addressing the following elements:

  • Introduction (approximately 100 words)
    • Explain your topic.
    • State the specific question that you are addressing.
  • Presentation of an Argument
    • Describe the non-scholarly source (e.g., an op-ed, newspaper article, website, etc.) on one side of the issue.
      • Summarize the key points made (approximately 50 words).
    • Present what you see as the main argument from that source. Make sure to present your argument in standard form, with the premises listed above the conclusion. (approximately 100 words)
    • Evaluate the quality of the reasoning in this source (approximately 200 words)
      • In completing your evaluation, consider assessing how well the research supports the premises of the main argument and how strongly the reasoning supports the conclusion of that argument.
  • Presentation of an Argument on the Other Side of the Issue
    • Describe the non-scholarly source on the opposite side of the issue.
      • Summarize the key points made. (approximately 50 words)
    • Present what you see as the main argument from that source. (Make sure to present your argument in standard form, with the premises listed above the conclusion.) (approximately 100 words)
    • Evaluate the quality of the reasoning in this source (approximately 200 words)
      • In completing your evaluation, consider assessing how well the research supports the premises of the main argument and how strongly the reasoning supports the conclusion.
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 The Presenting Arguments paper

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103Week 1 – Discussion

Week 1 – Discussion Forum

8787 unread replies.111111 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 Standard Form Arguments [WLOs: 2, 3, 4] [CLOs: 1, 2]

Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt, and read any resources that are required to complete the discussion properly. If you have not done so already, begin by choosing a topic from the Final Paper Options list to use in your writing assignments in this course. You can find these options here  downloador under the required resources for the course.

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103: Week 5 – Final Paper

Analyzing Reasoning on Both Sides

[WLOs: 1, 2, 3] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

This final writing assignment allows you to present an analysis of the best reasoning on each side of your issue. In the process, you will get to demonstrate some of the key skills you have learned during this course. In particular, you will demonstrate the ability to create high-quality arguments on both sides of an issue, to support your reasoning with scholarly sources, and to provide a fair analysis of the strength of the reasoning on each side. Make sure to incorporate any relevant feedback you got from the instructor on your previous writing assignments.For an example of how to complete this paper, take a look at the Week 5 Example  downloadpaper.

Your paper must include the following sections, clearly labeled:

  • Introduction
    • Introduce readers to your topic; include a brief preview of what you will accomplish in this paper. (approximately 150 words)
  • First Argument
    • Present the best argument on one side of the issue. (approximately 150 words)
      • Express your argument in standard form, with the premises listed one by one above the conclusion.
  • Defense for First Argument
    • Support the first argument as well as you can, using academic sources to demonstrate the truth of key premises. You may also choose to clarify the meaning of key premises and to explain how your reasoning supports the conclusion (approximately 250 words).
  • Opposing Argument
    • Present the best argument on the other side of the issue (approximately 150 words).
      • Express your argument in standard form.
  • Defense of Opposing Argument
    • Support the opposing argument as well as you can, using academic sources to demonstrate the truth of key premises. You are welcome as well to clarify the meaning of premises and/or to explain the reasoning further (approximately 250 words).
  • Analysis of the Reasoning (approximately 350 words)
    • Evaluate the quality of each argument, addressing whether key premises are true and whether the conclusion logically follows from them.
    • Analyze arguments for any fallacies committed or for any biases that may influence either side. Do you feel that one argument makes a much stronger case than the other and why? (There is no need to “take sides,” only to assess the quality of the arguments.)
    • Support your analysis with scholarly sources.
  • Conclusion (approximately 150 words)
    • Provide a brief conclusion and summary of your issue and how it can best be addressed by critical thinkers.
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The Analyzing Reasoning on Both Sides Final Paper

  • Must be 1,200 to 1,600 words in length (not including title and references pages), double-spaced, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.)
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted

For further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.).

Categories
PHI103: Informal Logic

PHI103: Week 5 – Discussion

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Chapter 9 in your textbook and complete the interactive module The Graduate (Links to an external site.). In addition, watch the video The Value of Critical Thinking in Daily Life (Links to an external site.) (displayed below).

https://cdnapisec.kaltura.com/p/1501441/sp/150144100/embedIframeJs/uiconf_id/24035961/partner_id/1501441?iframeembed=true&playerId=kaltura_player&entry_id=0_6td5unxp&flashvars%5BlocalizationCode%5D=en&flashvars%5BleadWithHTML5%5D=true&flashvars%5BsideBarContainer.plugin%5D=true&flashvars%5BsideBarContainer.position%5D=left&flashvars%5BsideBarContainer.clickToClose%5D=true&flashvars%5Bchapters.plugin%5D=true&flashvars%5Bchapters.layout%5D=vertical&flashvars%5Bchapters.thumbnailRotator%5D=false&flashvars%5BstreamSelector.plugin%5D=true&flashvars%5BEmbedPlayer.SpinnerTarget%5D=videoHolder&flashvars%5BdualScreen.plugin%5D=true&&wid=0_edqszmz4

One of the advantages of learning logic and critical thinking is that it can benefit all areas of one’s life. The ability to research all sides before arriving at a position on an issue, the humility to consider opposing points of view in a fair-minded way, the wisdom to evaluate the quality of reasoning for and against positions, the capacity to recognize and avoid logical fallacies, and the skill to be able to construct effective reasoning all can benefit us by helping us to arrive at positions that are most justified by the evidence (and therefore most likely to be true). These habits, when applied, can also help us to make decisions based on a more comprehensive understanding of different points of view, to better appreciate other people’s perspectives, to be more clear and persuasive in our reasoning, and to avoid making decisions that are not rationally justified. The discussion this week is designed to assist us in this process of applying critical thinking to our daily lives.

Your instructor will choose the discussion question and post it as the first post in the discussion forum. Answer all the questions in the prompt, and read any resources that are required to complete the discussion properly.

Guided Response: In addition to your original post, post a minimum of three responses for a total of at least four posts. At least two responses must be to your classmates; the third response could be to a classmate or your instructor. Be sure to post on three separate days throughout the week to promote further engagement and discussion. Each response should be a minimum of 75 words.