Categories
ISYS 3001 Information Systems in Enterprise

Week 6: Using Management Information Systems to Gain Competitive Advantage

Week 6: Using Management Information Systems to Gain Competitive Advantage

An organization’s ability to learn and translate that learning into action rapidly is the ultimate competitive advantage.

—Jack Welch

Once the leadership of an organization understands what competitive advantage is and what it means for their organization, it is important for them to develop strategies to act on that understanding. Leaders can better ensure that they are basing their decisions on accurate information by incorporating various competitive analysis tool and models. For example, one of the most popular tools is a SWOT analysis, which focuses on an organization’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Leaders can use this information to build on the organization’s strengths, address its weaknesses, discover more opportunities, and confront challenges that its competitors may present.

XYZ LogoThis week, you will explore how companies use information systems to gain competitive advantage with a specific focus on comparing various competitive analysis models and tools to analyze the competitive position of organizations. In the Discussion, you will appraise a competitive analysis tool that can create a competitive advantage for a company. In the Assignment, you will work as an IT analyst at XYZ Corporation to continue creating the business analysis for a client company that you began last week.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Compare various competitive analysis models and tools
  • Describe the role of information systems in achieving competitive advantage
  • Analyze the competitive position of a company

Due This Week

DescriptionDue Dates
Discussion: Selecting a Tool for Competitive AnalysisPost your initial posting by Day 3.
Respond to your colleagues by Day 5Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Discussion, be sure to reference the Week 6 Discussion Rubric.
Assignment: Company Competitive Advantage Analysis: Part 2Submit your Assignment by Day 7Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Assignment, be sure to reference the Week 6 Assignment Rubric.

Learning Resources

Note: To access this week’s required Harvard Business Review resources, select the article link and navigate to the relevant article or go back to Blackboard and select Harvard Business Articles from the course navigation menu.

Required Resources

Competitive Advantage and IS/IT

Company leadership should examine every aspect of an organization’s operations when trying to gain a competitive advantage. Using these resources, you will examine how an organization can use information and information systems to achieve an advantage over its competitors.Cronje, M. (2016, February 4). Management information systems and competitive advantage. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/management-information-systems-competitive-advantage-michelle-cronje/Time Estimate: 3 minutesPorter, M. E., & Millar, V. E. (1985, July). How information gives you competitive advantage. Harvard Business Review.Time Estimate: 36 minutes

Competitive Analysis Tools and Models

When an organization wants to improve its competitive advantage, it often relies on tools and models to help in that process. Through these resources, you will explore the various competitive analysis tools and models that organizations use to help shape their competitive strategies and determine their competitive advantages over other companies in their domain.Deluccia, T. J. (2018). 13 competitor analysis tools and resources you need to stay ahead [2018 update]. Retrieved from https://engeniusweb.com/articles/5-competitor-analysis-tools/Time Estimate: 3 minutesFallon, N. (2018). SWOT analysis: What it is and when to use it. Retrieved from https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/4245-swot-analysis.htmlTime Estimate: 7 minutesHarvard Business Review. (2008, June 30). The five competitive forces that shape strategy [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYF2_FBCvXwNote: The approximate length of this media piece is 13 minutes.Oxford College of Marketing. (2016, June 30). What is a PESTEL analysis? [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.oxfordcollegeofmarketing.com/2016/06/30/pestel-analysis/Time Estimate: 3 minutes PESTLEanalysis Contributor. (2011). PESTLE and SWOT analysis: When to use SWOT. Retrieved from http://pestleanalysis.com/pestle-and-swot-analysis/Time Estimate: 4 minutesPESTLE Analysis. (2018). What is a PESTLE analysis? A tool for business analysis. Retrieved from http://pestleanalysis.com/what-is-pestle-analysis/Time Estimate: 4 minutesMercer, A. (2014). Competitive advantage vs. positioning: What’s the difference? Retrieved from https://titanwebmarketingsolutions.com/competitive-advantage-vs-positioning-whats-the-difference/Time Estimate: 3 minutesMiller, J. (2016). 9 brand differentiators to create a competitive advantage. Retrieved from https://stickybranding.com/9-differentiators-to-create-a-competitive-advantage/Time Estimate: 5 minutesTighe, D. (2017). How to do a competitive analysis in 5 easy steps. Retrieved from https://www.impactbnd.com/blog/5-ways-to-perform-a-competitive-analysis-establish-your-presenceTime Estimate: 2 minutes

Important Documents for This Week

Document: Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses (PDF)Document: Week 6 Assignment Template (Word document)


Discussion: Selecting a Tool for Competitive Analysis

Through this week’s Learning Resources, you further examined the concept of competitive advantage and explored some competitive analysis tools and models. With a new understanding of what is meant by competitive advantage, it is important to be able to conduct a competitive analysis to assess an organization’s market position. In choosing a competitive analysis tool, you may have realized that there are many options. Some tools may be more applicable for certain circumstances, and personal preferences may determine the use of one tool over another.

In this Discussion, you will identify a competitive analysis tool and examine aspects of the tool that make it more effective than other tools. You will also suggest any improvements that could be made to increase the effectiveness of the tool.

To prepare for this Discussion:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources, focusing on the competitive analysis tools that are presented.
  • Identify the competitive analysis tool that you believe to be most effective and consider any additional improvements or modifications you would make to it in order to increase its effectiveness.
  • Review the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses, provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 3

Post a 225- to 375-word (3- to 5-paragraph) appraisal of which competitive analysis tool you think would be most useful in analyzing a company in order to create a competitive advantage. In your appraisal, do the following:

  • Identify the tool that you selected and explain why you selected it.
  • Examine the circumstances in which this tool might be more effective than other options.
  • Identify improvements or modifications that might be made to the tool selected to improve its effectiveness.
  • To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 6 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Read some of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond with at least 75 words (1 paragraph) eachto two or more of your colleagues’ postings by doing one of the following:

  • Suggest an alternate analysis tool to that of your colleague’s and provide a rationale for why it could be effective.
  • Propose additional modifications or improvements to your colleague’s selected tool that might improve its effectiveness.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 6 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 6 Discussion


Assignment: Company Competitive Advantage Analysis: Part 2

XYZ Logo Farah AhmadYou are an IT analyst at XYZ Corporation, and the company has recently taken on a new client that wishes to understand how the organization can leverage its IT and IS functions as a form of competitive advantage. The company is small and would like to see some real-world evidence of this in order to arm themselves with information as they seek investors to grow their business. You have been asked by your manager, Farah Ahmad, to create a business analysis for the client company’s leadership in which you analyze the competitive landscape for a business and discuss the role of IT/IS in helping that company achieve a competitive advantage.

First, you should select a company, research two of its competitors, and create a report to present to the client in which you analyze the business’s current competitive standing within its industry using at least two competitive analysis models/tools with a focus on the role IT plays in determining its current competitive posture; one of the models used in the analysis must be Porter’s Five Forces. It is recommended that you search the Internet to identify industries/companies for which a Porter’s Five Forces analysis have been completed prior to selecting the company on which you will focus your response. Part 2 of your business analysis should be 11–16 paragraphs in length and include at least five references from the Walden Library or other scholarly academic sources.

Note: Last week, you submitted Part 1 of this Assignment. This week, you will complete and submit only Part 2.

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit Part 2 of your business analysis, to include the following.

Part 2: IT and Competitive Advantage
  • Illustrate the company’s use of information systems as part of its competitive business strategies. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs) 
  • Analyze the company and its two competitors through the lens of Porter’s Five Forces. (225–300 words, or 3–4 paragraphs) 
  • Analyze the company and its two competitors through the lens of one additional competitive analysis model or tool. (225–300 words, or 3–4 paragraphs)
  • Compare the three companies in light of your two completed analyses, including a discussion of which tool you feel was more useful in helping you to determine the competitive position for your selected company. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)
  • Finally, present your analysis of the current competitive posture of your selected company. (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)

Note: For each prompt, be sure to reference at least one scholarly source to support your answer. Use the Week 6 Assignment Template, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, to complete this Assignment.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 6 Assignment Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK6Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 6 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 6 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK6Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 6 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 6 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:Week 6 Assignment


Week in Review

This week, you continued exploring the concept of organizational competitiveness, focusing on how organizations can use management information systems to gain competitive advantage. You examined various competitive analysis tools and models, as well as analyzed the competitive position of a company.

Congratulations! After you have finished all of the assignments for this week, you have completed the course. Please submit your Course Evaluation by Day 7.

Categories
ISYS 3001 Information Systems in Enterprise

Week 5: Organizational Competitiveness

Week 5: Organizational Competitiveness

The most meaningful way to differentiate your company from your competitors, the best way to put distance between you and the crowd is to do an outstanding job with information. How you gather, manage and use information will determine whether you win or lose.

—Bill Gates

Not long ago, if you were sitting in the comfort of your home and wanted to rent a movie, your only option would have been to leave your house and go to a video rental store. Additionally, if you did not return the video within a certain time frame, you would have to pay a late fee. Now you can download movies through the Internet without getting off the couch, and the concept of late fees no longer applies. Innovations in IT have transformed the movie-renting business and have become the new standard, rather than the exception. Using IT is no longer a luxury for businesses; it is a necessity without which today’s businesses cannot thrive.

XYZ LogoThis week, you will explore using IT systems to accomplish business requirements. You will also examine how the use of IT systems can help organizations gain competitive advantage over their competitors. In the Discussion, you will explain how a real company used IT to gain competitive advantage. In the Assignment, you will work as an IT analysis at XYZ Corporation to create a business analysis for a client company.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Explain how a business can use IT to gain competitive advantage
  • Explain what it means to be a competitive business
  • Identify types of competitive business strategies

Due This Week

DescriptionDue Dates
Discussion: Using IT to Gain Competitive AdvantagePost your initial posting by Day 3.
Respond to your colleagues by Day 5Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Discussion, be sure to reference the Week 5 Discussion Rubric.
Assignment: Company Competitive Advantage: Part 1Submit your Assignment by Day 7Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Assignment, be sure to reference the Week 5 Assignment Rubric.

Learning Resources

Required Resources

Competitive Business Strategy

In order to compete in any business domain, an organization’s leaders must be aware of the current competitive climate and determine how the company will set itself apart from the other businesses in that domain. These resources will help you gain an in-depth understanding of the types of competitive strategies an organization can adopt.25urbany. (2011, June 14). Competitive strategy in 3 minutes [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bl5cyZlay4kNote: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.LaMarco, N. (2018). Competitive business strategies. Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/competitive-business-strategies-4623.htmlTime Estimate: 3 minutesPositive Revolution. (2017, September 6). How to develop competitive advantage for your business? [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvGBYoob1pANote: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.Quain, S. (2018). What are the four major types of competitive strategies? Retrieved from https://yourbusiness.azcentral.com/four-major-types-competitive-strategies-6166.htmlTime Estimate: 3 minutes

Important Documents for This Week

Document: Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses (PDF)Document: Week 5 Assignment Template (Word document)

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2014). Security: Threats and precaution. [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 7 minutes.Accessible player –Downloads–Download Video w/CCDownload AudioDownload Transcript


Discussion: Using IT to Gain Competitive Advantage

Through this week’s Learning Resources, you were introduced to the concept of organizational competitiveness. As businesses face increased competition on a daily basis, the need for innovative products and services increases as well. Finding effective ways to market and distribute products to a wide audience in the most efficient way possible can be demanding on businesses unless they are prepared to meet the challenges they face. Information technology can play a large role in helping companies meet those challenges and secure competitive advantages.

In this Discussion, you will identify a company that has used IT to gain competitive advantage and examine the role of IT in enabling that advantage.

To prepare for this Discussion:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Identify a company that has used IT to gain competitive advantage over its competitors. In addition, identify two of the company’s competitors.
  • Review the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses, provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 3

Post a 150- to 225-word (2- to 3-paragraph) explanation of how a company has used IT to gain competitive advantage over its competitors. In your explanation, do the following:

  • Briefly describe the selected company and two of its competitors.
  • Explain the nature of the competitive advantage and how IT has enabled that specific advantage.
  • To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 5 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Read some of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond with at least 75 words (1 paragraph) each to two or more of your colleagues’ postings by contrasting your own identified company with that of your colleague, including any similarities and differences in how the two companies used IT to gain competitive advantage.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 5 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 5 Discussion


Assignment: Company Competitive Advantage: Part 1

XYZ Logo Farah AhmadYou are an IT analyst at XYZ Corporation, and the company has recently taken on a new client that wishes to understand how the organization can leverage its IT and IS functions as a form of competitive advantage. The company is small and would like to see some real-world evidence of this in order to arm themselves with information as they seek investors to grow their business. You have been asked by your manager, Farah Ahmad, to create a business analysis for the client company’s leadership in which you analyze the competitive landscape for a business and discuss the role of IT/IS in helping that company achieve a competitive advantage.

First, you should select a company, research two of its competitors, and create a report to present to the client in which you analyze the business’s current competitive standing within its industry using at least two competitive analysis models/tools with a focus on the role IT plays in determining its current competitive posture; one of the models used in the analysis must be Porter’s Five Forces. It is recommended that you search the Internet to identify industries/companies for which a Porter’s Five Forces analysis have been completed prior to selecting the company on which you will focus your response. Part 1 of your business analysis should be 5–7 paragraphs in length and include at least two references from the Walden Library or other scholarly academic sources.

Note: This Assignment consists of two parts. You will complete and submit Part 1 this week and you will complete and submit Part 2 in Week 6.

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit Part 1 of your business analysis, to include the following:

Part 1: Overview of Competitive Strategy for a Business
  • Describe the company you selected for your analysis, as well as its competitive landscape, and explain why it can be characterized as a competitive business. (225–300 words, or 3–4 paragraphs)
  • Identify at least one type of competitive strategy that this business uses, including specific examples/evidence to support your assertion. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)

Note: For each prompt, be sure to reference at least one scholarly source to support your answer. Use the Week 5 Assignment Template, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, to complete this Assignment.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 5 Assignment Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK5Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 5 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 5 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK5Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 5 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 5 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:Week 5 Assignment


Week in Review

This week, you were introduced to the concept of organizational competitiveness. You explored what it means to be a competitive business and how businesses use IT to establish and maintain competitive advantage over their competitors. You also examined different types of competitive business strategies.

Next week, you will continue exploring the concept of organizational competitiveness, focusing on how organizations can use management information systems to gain competitive advantage. You will examine various competitive analysis tools and models, as well as analyze the competitive position of a company.

Next Week

Categories
ISYS 3001 Information Systems in Enterprise

Week 4: Ethics, Security, and Risk Management in IT

Week 4: Ethics, Security, and Risk Management in IT

It used to be expensive to make things public and cheap to make them private. Now it’s expensive to make things private and cheap to make them public.

—Clay Shirky

Consider the following scenarios:

Imagine you are working as a senior IT manager in a software research and development firm. Your team is developing a cutting-edge software product. If the development is successful, your company plans to patent the software and earn millions of dollars from its sales. However, there is always the risk that an employee who has access to the software’s code could steal it and use it for personal gain. How will you ensure that the software’s code stays secured?

Imagine you are a network administrator in a company. You can read the e-mails of all the network users of your company, including the CEO. However, should you be reading them just because you can? Do you have the right to read a senior executive’s e-mail to ensure that sensitive company information is not compromised?

XYZ Logo Isabella TorresThe first scenario involves your responsibility as an employee to keep vital company information secured. The second deals with your ethical responsibility to maintain confidentiality about fellow employees’ information. How prepared are you to handle such responsibilities as an employee of an organization? For another perspective on IT security, refer to the following statement from XYZ Corporation’s CEO, Isabella Torres:Accessible player –Downloads–Download Video w/CCDownload AudioDownload Transcript

This week, you investigate ethical issues in IT faced by employees. You also examine potential security threats and strategies for managing risks associated with them. In the Discussion, you will analyze a current article or news story describing an unethical practice that is IT-related. In the Assignment, will address ethical issues related to information technology and information systems.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Analyze the impact of ethical issues in information technology on organizations
  • Describe ethical issues related to information technology
  • Illustrate how addressing ethical issues in information technology can lead to positive social change
  • Explain potential security threats in information technology
  • Analyze the impact of information system security issues on organizations
  • Identify components of risk management in information technology

Due This Week

DescriptionDue Dates
Discussion: Ethical Issues in IT and Their ImpactPost your initial posting by Day 3.
Respond to your colleagues by Day 5Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Discussion, be sure to reference the Week 4 Discussion Rubric.
Assignment: Ethics and Information SecuritySubmit your Assignment by Day 7Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Assignment, be sure to reference the Week 4 Assignment Rubric.

Learning Resources

Required Resources

Ethical Issues in IT

Everyone faces decisions that require them to reflect on their personal ethics and morals. Sometimes, this can be a daily occurrence. These resources will help you to become familiar with ethical considerations related to the use and implementation of information technology.Berzai, L. (2017, June 29). Ethical decision making and the IT professional [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.aitp.org/blog/aitp-blog/2017/06/29/ethical-decision-making-and-the-it-professional/Time Estimate: 7 minutesBerzai, L. (2017, July 4). Ethical problems in computing [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.aitp.org/blog/aitp-blog/2017/07/04/ethical-problems-in-computing/Time Estimate: 9 minutesBerzai, L. (2017, June 27). How ethical theories apply to IT professionals [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.aitp.org/blog/aitp-blog/2017/06/27/how-ethical-theories-apply-to-it-professionals/Time Estimate: 6 minutesIEEE.org. (2018). 7.8 IEEE code of ethics. Retrieved from https://www.ieee.org/about/corporate/governance/p7-8.htmlTime Estimate: 2 minutesWoo, M. (2017). Ethics and the IT professional. Retrieved from https://er.educause.edu/articles/2017/3/ethics-and-the-it-professionalTime Estimate: 6 minutes

Leading Positive Social Change and the Impact of Ethical Issues in IT

The implications of ethical decision making often extend further than the individuals involved. One decision can affect a small group, a company, or an entire population. Using these resources, you will examine how decision making on the use and implementation of information technology (IT) can have an impact on society at large.Bourgeois, D. T. (2014). The ethical and legal implications of information systems. In Information systems for business and beyond. Retrieved from https://bus206.pressbooks.com/chapter/chapter-12-the-ethical-and-legal-implications-of-information-systems/Time Estimate: 33 minutesOlumoye, M. Y. (2013). Ethics and social impact of information systems in our society: Analysis and recommendations. International Journal of Science and Research, 2(11), 154–158. Retrieved from https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v2i11/MDIwMTM0MDQ=.pdfTime Estimate: 10 minutesPayne, S. (2017, April 10). You can’t ignore business ethics and social responsibility in 2017 [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://resources.globoforce.com/globoforce-blog/you-can-t-ignore-business-ethics-social-responsibility-in-2017Time Estimate: 8 minutes

Security Threats in IT

Information technology is a product that is created by people. As a result, its imperfections can result in malicious exploitation by those who choose to do harm. These resources will help you gain a more in-depth understanding of the types of security threats that result from the use and implementation of IT solutions.The AME Group. (2018). 8 threats an IT security professional can help prevent. Retrieved from https://www.theamegroup.com/8-threats-security-professional-can-help-prevent/Time Estimate: 6 minutes Baker, S. (2017). 5 types of IT security threats facing businesses. Retrieved from https://www.rutter-net.com/blog/5-types-of-it-security-threats-facing-businesses Time Estimate: 6 minutesBisson, D. (2015). 5 social engineering attacks to watch out for. Retrieved from https://www.tripwire.com/state-of-security/security-awareness/5-social-engineering-attacks-to-watch-out-for/Time Estimate: 7 minutesCybint News. (2018). 5 of the biggest cyber security risks for businesses. Retrieved from https://www.cybintsolutions.com/5-of-the-biggest-cyber-security-risks-for-businesses/Time Estimate: 6 minutes Guru99. (2018b). Ethical & security issues in information system. Retrieved from https://www.guru99.com/mis-ethical-social-issue.htmlTime Estimate: 8 minutesLaureate Education (Producer). (2019b). IT security risks [Interactive media]. Baltimore, MD: Author.Time Estimate: 3 minutes

Risk Management and the Impact of Security Threats

By being aware of possible security threats, you can better plan proactively against those threats. These resources will provide insight into the impact that security threats can have on an organization and help you understand how to manage the associated risks.
Help Net Security. (2016). Impact of security breaches on consumer trust. Retrieved from https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2016/05/12/impact-security-breaches-consumer-trust-brands/Time Estimate: 4 minutesInvest Northern Ireland. (n.d.). Computer networking: Network security issues. Retrieved November 12, 2018, from https://www.nibusinessinfo.co.uk/content/network-security-issuesTime Estimate: 2 minutes Rapid 1. (n.d.). Information security risk management: Identify and achieve an acceptable level of risk. Retrieved November 12, 2018, from https://www.rapid7.com/fundamentals/information-security-risk-management/Time Estimate: 8 minutesWhat You Need to Know. (2013, December 16). Information security (by what you need to know) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUxUUarTRW4Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

Important Documents for This Week

Document: Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses (PDF)Document: Walden Undergraduate Paper Template (Word document)


Discussion: Ethical Issues in IT and Their Impact

Through this week’s Learning Resources, you examined both ethical issues and practices as they relate to the implementation of IT systems. While the hope is that all companies will do their best to maintain ethical business practices, unfortunately, not all of them make that an instrumental component of their operations.

Have you ever heard of an organization that participated in an IT-related unethical practice? Perhaps the company sold personal customer data to a third party without customer consent, or perhaps the organization obtained trade secrets or other proprietary information through the use of spyware. Consider the impact of unethical practices on those close to the organizations that commit them. Then, consider how that impact extends to the surrounding community and to society at large.

For this Discussion, you will identify an article or news story about an unethical practice that is IT-related and analyze its impact on organizations, as well as explain measures that could have been taken to prevent it from happening in the first place.

To prepare for this Discussion: 

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Locate an article or news story that describes an unethical practice that is IT-related.
  • Review the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses, provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 3

Post a 150- to 225-word (2- to 3-paragraph) analysis of the impact of ethical issues in information technology that includes the following: 

  • Provide a description and citation of the article you located.
  • What could have been done to prevent the practice from happening?
  • How does the unethical practice affect those within or close to the company as well as the community?
  • To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 4 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Read some of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond with at least 75 words (1 paragraph) eachto two or more of your colleagues’ postings by doing one of the following:

  • Provide a suggestion for what else might have been done to prevent your colleague’s identified unethical practice from occurring.
  • Describe one or more additional impacts of your colleague’s identified unethical practice on the company and/or on the community.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 4 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 4 Discussion


Assignment: Ethics and Information Security

Businesses cannot implement information systems without considering the privacy and confidentiality of the data these systems store, manipulate, and distribute. Those who have access to information should be highly mindful of ethical practices and standards. As highlighted in this week’s Learning Resources, there are numerous ethical issues to consider related to IT systems. Today’s businesses must be proactive in their approach to protecting data from misuse and unauthorized access.

In this Assignment, you will respond to a set of questions on ethical issues in IT, how addressing ethical issues in IT can lead to positive social change, security threats in IT, and risk management. 

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit your responses to the following prompts.

  • Describe two ethical issues related to IT systems. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs) 
  • Analyze the ethical issues you identified in the previous question in terms of their effects on IT systems and impact on an organization. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs) 
  • Illustrate how an organization’s approach to addressing an ethical issue from an IT perspective can lead to positive social change. Be sure to address both internal and external impacts. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)
  • Using the Internet and/or other sources, identify a company that has both faced and addressed one of the ethical issues you described in the first question. Describe the scenario and outcomes of that experience, including in your description the role that society and the drive for positive social change played. In your response, include an analysis of whether the organization handled the situation effectively. What improvements might you suggest that could promote further positive social change? (375–450 words, or 5–6 paragraphs)
  • Explain two possible threats to information security. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)
  • Using the Internet and/or other sources, identify a company that has both faced and addressed an information security breach. Analyze the scenario and the impact of the information security breach on the company. Be sure to describe how the company handled the situation, as well as any outcomes of that experience. Include your appraisal of whether the company handled the situation effectively. (300–375 words, or 4–5 paragraphs)
  • Using the company you selected for the previous question, identify how the lessons learned from the experience could be applied more generally to other organizations with regard to their risk management strategies. Be sure to include specific components of risk management in your response. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)

Note: For each prompt, be sure to reference at least one scholarly source to support your answer. Use the Walden Undergraduate Paper Template, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, to complete this Assignment.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 4 Assignment Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK4Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 4 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 4 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK4Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 4 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 4 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:Week 4 Assignment


Week in Review

This week, you delved into the topic of ethical issues in IT by describing some examples of them, analyzing their impact on organizations, and illustrating how addressing them can lead to positive social change. You also examined security threats in IT, including their impact on organizations and how organizations can incorporate risk management strategies to mitigate that impact.

Next week, you will be introduced to the concept of organizational competitiveness. You will explore what it means to be a competitive business and how businesses use IT to establish and maintain a competitive advantage over their competitors. You will also examine different types of competitive business strategies.

Next Week

Categories
ISYS 3001 Information Systems in Enterprise

Week 3: Emerging Technologies and Innovation

Week 3: Emerging Technologies and Innovation

Every once in a while, a new technology, an old problem, and a big idea turn into an innovation.

—Dean Kamen

Continued advancement in information technology has changed the modes of transactions and conducting business in many domains. It can be very difficult to predict how business will be conducted in 5 or 10 years based on the rapid pace of changes in information and communication technology. It seems as though new technologies and innovations are introduced daily, so it is essential to understand if and how they could positively impact an organization. If a business adopts new technologies or innovations, then the focus would shift to managing their integration into the business’s operations.

XYZ LogoThis week, you will examine how emerging trends and technologies affect businesses and organizations. You will also explore why change management is important when adopting innovative solutions for a business. In the Discussion, you will consider how you would assess whether to adopt an emerging trend or technology for a business. In the Assignment, you will work as an IT analyst at XYZ Corporation to develop a client presentation on emerging trends and/or technologies.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Explain how to determine the potential value of an emerging trend or technology to an organization
  • Describe the concept of emerging trends and technologies
  • Analyze emerging trends and technology to be applied to an organization 
  • Identify the processes involved in change management for an organization
  • Analyze management techniques for incorporating innovative technologies within an organization
  • Illustrate strategies for implementing innovations

Due This Week

DescriptionDue Dates
Discussion: Evaluating Emerging Trends and Technologies for a CompanyPost your initial posting by Day 3.
Respond to your colleagues by Day 5Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Discussion, be sure to reference the Week 3 Discussion Rubric.
Assignment: Proposal for Implementing Emerging Trends or Technologies Within an OrganizationSubmit your Assignment by Day 7Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Assignment, be sure to reference the Week 3 Assignment Rubric.

Learning Resources

Note: To access this week’s required Harvard Business Review resources, select the article link and navigate to the relevant article or go back to Blackboard and select Harvard Business Articles from the course navigation menu.

Required Resources

Emerging Trends and Technologies

Within the field of information technology, new technologies are constantly being introduced. Although it might be tempting to jump on every new trend that hits the market in an effort to attract new customers, business leaders must be thoughtful and selective when deciding upon which emerging trends and technologies to adopt. These resources will help you to both understand the differences between trends and emerging technologies and gain insight into the process of evaluating these innovations for possible adoption.Banks, L. (n.d.). How to manage emerging technology. Retrieved November 6, 2018, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/manage-emerging-technology-5265.htmlTime Estimate: 2 minutesJablonski, C. (2010). 5 ways to critically evaluate a trend or forecast. Retrieved from https://www.zdnet.com/article/5-ways-to-critically-evaluate-a-trend-or-forecast/Time Estimate: 6 minutesMcGowan, B. (2017). CIO quick takes: How CIOs assess the value of emerging technology. Retrieved from https://www.cio.com/article/3200670/emerging-technology/cio-quick-takes-how-cios-assess-the-value-of-emerging-technology.htmlTime Estimate: 1 minuteMIT Technology Review. (2016). Emerging trend analysis: What is digital performance management? Retrieved from https://www.technologyreview.com/s/602544/emerging-trend-analysis-what-is-digital-performance-management/Time Estimate: 5 minutesrichardl91. (2016, April 3). Trends vs. emerging issues: What is the difference? [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://visionforesightstrategy.wordpress.com/2016/04/03/trends-vs-emerging-issues-what-is-the-difference/Time Estimate: 7 minutes

The Change Management Process

Once an organization determines there is either an interest or a need to adopt an emerging trend or technology, the organization must adapt, in some way, to integrate the innovation. Using these resources, you will examine how this integration is accomplished through a process known as change management.Aguirre, D., & Alpern, M. (2014). 10 principles of leading change management. Retrieved from https://www.strategy-business.com/article/00255 https://www.strategy-business.com/article/00255Time Estimate: 20 minutesMcKinseyLD. (2014, May 20). McKinsey on change management [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k69i_yAhEcQNote: The approximate length of this media piece is 8 minutes.McKinsey on Marketing & Sales. (2015, December 10). The secret to technology use: Change management [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQVYUT0OAVUNote: The approximate length of this media piece is 2 minutes.Strategyandbusiness. (2014). How to lead change management [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQ0doKfhecQ&feature=youtu.be Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

Managing and Implementing Change

Once a change management initiative is underway, it must be managed from the perspectives of the people and the technology. These resources include information on how to successfully manage people and technology while implementing an innovation.Brands, R. F. (2015). The key to successful innovation is proper implementation. Retrieved from https://chiefexecutive.net/the-key-to-successful-innovation-is-proper-implementation/Time Estimate: 5 minutesLotich, P. (2017). 8 steps to implementing successful organizational change. Retrieved from https://thethrivingsmallbusiness.com/implementing-organizational-change/Time Estimate: 7 minutesQuinn, J. B. (1985, May). Managing innovation: Controlled chaos. Harvard Business Review.Time Estimate: 39 minutes
Satell, G. (2013). How to manage innovation. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/gregsatell/2013/03/07/how-to-manage-innovation-2/#5167bcd84785Time Estimate: 10 minutes

Important Documents for This Week

Document: Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses (PDF)Document: Week 3 Assignment Template (PowerPoint presentation)


Discussion: Evaluating Emerging Trends and Technologies for a Company

Through this week’s Learning Resources, you were introduced to the concept of emerging trends and technologies. With the rapid growth and expansion of these new technologies, it can be difficult to sort through them and identify ones that are of high quality. For a business, it is important not only to identify such new technologies and innovations but also to analyze their appropriateness and the value they could add to an organization.

For this Discussion, you will examine an emerging trend or technology and determine the potential value that it has for being incorporated into your company.

To prepare for this Discussion: 

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Review the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses, provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 3

Post a 150- to 225-word (2- to 3-paragraph) description of how you would go about assessing whether or not the adoption of an emerging trend or technology would add value to your company if you were the CEO. In your description, do the following:

  • Identify the main areas of value you would be looking to add to your business (e.g., profitability).
  • Describe the important pieces of information you would need to know, or need to take into consideration, about the emerging trend or technology in order to make a final decision.
  • To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 3 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Read some of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond with at least 75 words (1 paragraph) eachto two or more of your colleagues’ postings by doing one of the following:

  • Suggest an additional area of value that could be added to a business.
  • Propose one or more additional pieces of information your colleague might want to take into consideration when making a decision about the emerging trend or technology.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 3 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 3 Discussion


Assignment: Proposal for Implementing Emerging Trends or Technologies Within an Organization

XYZ Logo Farah AhmadYou work as an IT analyst at XYZ Corporation, and your manager, Farah Ahmad, has asked you to develop a presentation for a new client on emerging trends and/or technologies that the client organization could integrate into its operations. First, you must research emerging trends or technologies presented in a recent news report, trade magazine, research publication, or other source. Online resources are posted annually outlining the emerging trends and technologies for the current and coming year; make sure you search the Internet for these resources as part of your research. You will also discuss the change management strategies to be used during the adoption process, as well as the strategies for implementation and integration of these technologies into the organization. Note that this PowerPoint presentation will be divided into two parts: analyzing the trends and implementing the trends.

(Note: For the purpose of this exercise, the “client company” could be a current or previous employer, Walden University, or any other company or organization with which you are familiar enough to perform your analysis.)  

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit your completed presentation, to include the following.

Part 1: Analysis of Emerging Trends and Technologies (6–10 slides)
  • Describe the two trends and/or technologies you identified from your research, including an explanation of what characterizes these trends or technologies as emerging. (1–2 slides)
  • Analyze each trend for its application to the selected organization. Specifically:
    • What is the history of the trend, and in what ways has it gained or is gaining popularity? (1 slide)
    • What, if any, other organizations are incorporating this trend? If any, are there any results on its success? (1–2 slides) 
    • How could these trends apply to an organization? What is the appeal? (2–3 slides)
    • Include any additional insights on the trends. (1–2 slides)
Part 2: Recommendations for Implementation (9–14 slides)
  • Apply each trend. Specifically:
    • What are some strategies and process considerations for implementing change within an organization? Be sure to address any challenges (i.e., organizational culture, reallocation of resources, etc.) that your client must consider upfront when implementing a change management process to incorporate the selected trends/technologies. (2–3 slides)
    • How can these change management challenges be addressed by management within the client organization? (2–3 slides)
    • What are your recommendations for how the organization could implement each trend? (2–3 slides)
    • What are potential issues/risks (i.e., a problem that might arise from the implementation; for example, rejection of a new product by your customer base or unanticipated security risk) to the implementation? (1–2 slides)
    • What are some possible strategies to mitigate these risks? (2–3 slides)

Note: In addition to the two parts of this Assignment, you should include a cover slide, a brief introduction to your “client company” (i.e., selected organization), and a References slide that includes properly formatted citations for a minimum of four scholarly sources to support the information you presented. Each content slide should also include detailed speaker’s notes that would be used to make the presentation to the leaders of the client company. Use the Week 3 Assignment Template, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, to complete this Assignment.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 3 Assignment Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK3Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 3 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 3 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK3Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 3 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 3 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:Week 3 Assignment


Week in Review

This week, you focused on the concepts of emerging technologies and innovations. You examined how to determine the potential value of emerging trends or technologies and analyzed how an organization can apply them. You identified what processes are involved in change management for organizations. You also explored strategies and management techniques that organizations can use to successfully incorporate innovative technologies.

Next week, you will delve into the topic of ethical issues in IT by describing some examples of them, analyzing their impact on organizations, and illustrating how addressing them can lead to positive social change. You will also examine security threats in IT, including their impact on organizations and how organizations can incorporate risk management strategies to mitigate that impact. 

Next Week

Categories
ISYS 3001 Information Systems in Enterprise

Week 2: E-Commerce Models and IT Systems for Internet-Based Companies

Week 2: E-Commerce Models and IT Systems for Internet-Based Companies

If you do build a great experience, customers tell each other about that. Word of mouth is very powerful.

—Jeff Bezos

Making purchases online is now just as common as buying something from a storefront. Instead of needing to try on a new shirt at the department store, you can order it online and return it if it does not fit. Instead of waiting in long lines to register the tags for your car every year, in most cases, you can pay your fees online and receive the tags in the mail. From movie tickets to groceries, the way in which products and services are purchased continues to evolve, and the underlying structures that support these transactions are known as electronic commerce, or e-commerce, systems.

This week, you explore the domain of e-commerce and the various models that exist within it. For the Discussion, you analyze how the operations of two businesses are supported by information systems and e-collaboration. In the Assignment, you will examine the features of e-commerce and the relationships between IT and e-commerce, as well as e-commerce organizational strategies.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Analyze the functionality of information systems that enable customer relationship management
  • Analyze the functionality of information systems that enable supply chain management
  • Appraise the purpose of e-collaboration to support e-business operations
  • Describe features of e-commerce
  • Analyze the characteristics of various e-commerce models

Due This Week

DescriptionDue Dates
Discussion: Integrating IT Systems for E-Commerce and E-BusinessPost your initial posting by Day 3.
Respond to your colleagues by Day 5Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Discussion, be sure to reference the Week 2 Discussion Rubric.
Assignment: E-Business and E-Commerce Models and ComponentsSubmit your Assignment by Day 7Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Assignment, be sure to reference the Week 2 Assignment Rubric.

Learning Resources

Required Resources

The Basics of E-Commerce

Whether you were familiar with the term or not, it is likely that you have participated in e-commerce. This is true if you have ever bought an item online, sent an electronic invoice at your job, or renewed you driver’s license online. E-commerce is used to make transactions between various entities—including people, companies, and governments. Through these resources, you will explore the basics of e-commerce and the different types of e-commerce models that organizations can implement.Bhalla, P. (2017, December 5). Types of eCommerce business models, pros, and cons [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.kartrocket.com/blog/ecommerce-business-models-types-pros-cons/Time Estimate: 4 minutesChen, M. (2013, November 4). E-commerce: Business models [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DW6Bg_BjeWQNote: The approximate length of this media piece is 13 minutes.Ecommerce Guide. (2018). What is ecommerce? Retrieved from https://ecommerceguide.com/guides/what-is-ecommerce/Time Estimate: 23 minutesFernandes, J. (2014, October 5). Types of e-commerce [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://bloomidea.com/en/blog/types-e-commerceTime Estimate: 5 minutesHasan, M. (2013, November 12). Major types of e-commerce [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FAyit_s9eY0Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 7 minutes.Rouse, M. (2018). E-commerce (electronic commerce or EC). Retrieved from https://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/e-commerceTime Estimate: 8 minutes

CRM and SCM in IT

Effective e-commerce requires systems to support the relationships between companies, consumers, and entities critical to the supply chain. These resources will provide you with an overview of customer relationship management, supply chain management, and how collaboration is accomplished through IT systems.Duggan, T. (n.d.). Supply chain management vs. customer relationship management. Retrieved February 1, 2019, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/supply-chain-management-vs-customer-relationship-management-10231.htmlTime Estimate: 4 minutesTariq, M. U. (2016, August 10). Importance of integrating CRM (customer relationship) with SCM (supply chain). Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/importance-integrating-crm-customer-relationship-scm-supply-tariq/Time Estimate: 4 minutesWesterveld, J. (2017, November 7). Collaboration in supply chain management is key [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.kinaxis.com/2017/11/collaboration-supply-chain-management-key/Time Estimate: 6 minutes

Important Documents for This Week

Document: Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses (PDF)Document: Walden Undergraduate Paper Template (Word document)


Discussion: Integrating IT Systems for E-Commerce and E-Business

In this week’s Learning Resources, you examined how information systems support critical functions related to e-commerce and e-business operations. There are several e-commerce models, and the one a business selects will also determine which types of IT systems are needed to support customer relationship management, supply chain management, and e-collaboration.

In this Discussion, you will identify two e-commerce businesses and analyze information systems that support their functions.

To prepare for this Discussion: 

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Select two businesses that utilize different e-commerce business models and consider how these businesses use information systems to support the functions of their business. In particular, consider how each business applies customer relationship management (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM), as well as how e-collaboration supports business operations.
  • Review the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses, provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 3

Post a 150- to 225-word (2- to 3-paragraph) analysis of how each business’s operations are supported by CRM, SCM, and e-collaboration. For each of these businesses, analyze the following:

  • How CRM would be applied for each business
  • How SCM would be applied for each business
  • The purpose of e-collaboration in supporting each business’s operations
  • To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 2 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Read some of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond with at least 75 words (1 paragraph) eachto two or more of your colleagues’ postings by doing one of the following:

  • Propose one or more inefficiencies that could be improved in your colleague’s selected business(es) with an integrated system supporting CRM and SCM.
  • Identify one or more additional applications of CRM or SCM for your colleague’s selected business(es).

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 2 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 2 Discussion


Assignment: E-Business and E-Commerce Models and Components

There are a variety of e-commerce models, including business-to-business, business-to-consumer, consumer-to-business, and consumer-to-consumer. These models have commonalities and distinct characteristics, and it is important to understand their similarities and differences in order to know which model to apply to specific scenarios.

In this Assignment, you will respond to a set of questions on the features of e-commerce and the characteristics of e-commerce models. You will also apply your knowledge of these concepts to real-world scenarios.

To prepare for this Assignment: 

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit your responses to the following prompts.

  • Explain e-business, e-commerce, and their main features. (75 words, or 1 paragraph)
  • Compare three major e-commerce business models. (225 words, or 3 paragraphs)
  • For each of the e-commerce business models you selected in the previous question, provide an example of a scenario in which the selected business model would be most appropriate and explain why. Additionally, provide an example scenario for each business model that would not be appropriate and explain why. (225–375 words, or 3–5 paragraphs)
  • For each model you identified in the second question, identify the information technology components required to enable their organizational function. (225 words, or 3 paragraphs)

Note: For each prompt, be sure to reference at least one scholarly source to support your answer. Use the Walden Undergraduate Paper Template, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, to complete this Assignment.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 2 Assignment Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK2Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 2 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 2 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK2Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 2 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 2 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:Week 2 Assignment


Week in Review

This week, you explored e-commerce models and IT systems by analyzing how information systems enable customer relationship management and supply chain management, as well as appraising the purpose of e-collaboration when supporting e-business operations. You examined features of e-commerce and analyzed the various characteristics of e-commerce models that organizations incorporate.

Next week, you will focus on the concepts of emerging technologies and innovation. You will examine how to determine the potential value of an emerging trend or technology and analyze how an organization can apply them. You will identify what processes are involved in change management for organizations and will explore strategies and management techniques that organizations can use to successfully incorporate innovative technologies.

Categories
ISYS 3001 Information Systems in Enterprise

Week 1: Information Systems: Organizational Resources and Technology Components

Week 1: Information Systems: Organizational Resources and Technology Components

In each business, there is a process, or a delivery system or information system, that is changing rapidly under them.

—Ken Moelis

These systems to which Moelis is referring, management information systems (MIS), have become critical aspects of a company’s technology infrastructure. From financial and personnel management to operational functions, these networks of hardware and software components enable the key functionality of businesses across all domains. In order to have a more fully developed understanding of the ways in which businesses operate, it is important to understand the underlying principles and components that enable the implementation of these systems.

This week, you will begin your exploration of information systems. In the Discussion, you will explain how an organization you are familiar with integrates management information systems. In the Assignment, you will describe aspects of management information systems, information technology, key organizational resources, and hardware and software.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Explain the purpose of management information systems for an organization
  • Describe functions provided by hardware and software
  • Define what is meant by information and information technology 
  • Describe the three key organizational resources (people, information, and information technology) and their importance to an organization 
  • Explain the difference between hardware and software

Due This Week

DescriptionDue Dates
Discussion: Information Systems as Organizational ResourcesPost your initial posting by Day 3.
Respond to your colleagues by Day 5Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Discussion, be sure to reference the Week 1 Discussion Rubric.
Assignment: Identifying Key Organizational ResourcesSubmit your Assignment by Day 7Walden Check BoxNote: As you complete this first Assignment, be sure to reference the Week 1 Assignment Rubric.

Learning Resources

Required Resources

Management Information Systems and the Organization

Management information systems enable organizations to function more efficiently, which is why it is important to understand the many components that comprise these systems. These resources describe the components of information systems and explain how these systems support the operations of organizations.Guru99. (2018a). Components & role of MIS (management information system). Retrieved from https://www.guru99.com/rol-component-mis.htmlTime Estimate: 9 minutesJuneja, P. (n.d.). MIS – understanding information systems. Retrieved February 1, 2019, from https://www.managementstudyguide.com/information-systems.htmTime Estimate: 4 minutesLove, C. (2013, March 31). 1 – what is an information system [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qujsd4vkqFI Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.Tutorials Point. (2018). Management information system tutorial. Retrieved from https://www.tutorialspoint.com/management_information_system/index.htm Time Estimate: 1 minute

Hardware Versus Software

Information systems are dependent upon information technology to provide their functionality. Information technology is comprised of combinations of hardware and software components. These resources will help you to understand the difference between hardware and software and to identify examples of these two information technology categories.Computer Hope. (2018). What are the differences between hardware and software? Retrieved from https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000039.htm Time Estimate: 3 minutesLaureate Education (Producer). (2019a). Hardware vs. software [Interactive media]. Baltimore, MD: Author.Time Estimate: 2 minutesPatterson, D. J. (2014, December 12). Introduction to information technology: Part 1 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1CTmHD4pMl4 Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 8 minutes.Raza, S. (2018). Comparison of hardware vs. software: Difference between. Retrieved from http://www.bestdifferencebetween.com/comparison-hardware-software-difference-between/Time Estimate: 7 minutes

Important Documents for This Week

Document: Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses (PDF)Document: Walden Undergraduate Paper Template (Word document)


Discussion: Information Systems as Organizational Resources

Through this week’s Learning Resources, you have been introduced to information systems and have examined how information is changing the way businesses operate and interact. You have also read that there are three key organizational resources that are relevant and important from the perspective of MIS and that help to create competitive advantages for businesses: information, people, and information technology.

In this Discussion, you will identify an organization and explain how it incorporates management information systems and hardware and software tools into its operations.

To prepare for this Discussion:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Select an organization with which you are familiar (perhaps your own workplace) and consider the types of management information systems and key hardware and software tools that allow the organization to perform its basic operational functions.
  • Review the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses, provided in this week’s Learning Resources.

By Day 3

Post a 150- to 225-word (2- to 3-paragraph) explanation of how a selected organization incorporates management information systems and key hardware and software tools. In your explanation, include the following:

  • Briefly describe the organization you selected, including a set of baseline functions that the organization requires (e.g., human resources personnel, cost/accounting, customer management, inventory, etc.).
  • Explain the types of management information systems required to provide the baseline functions you identified.
  • Identify key hardware and software tools that would be part of the organization’s technology toolkit and explain why they are necessary.
  • To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 1 Discussion Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Read some of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond with at least 75 words (1 paragraph) eachto two or more of your colleagues’ postings by doing one of the following:

  • Make a suggestion for an additional type of management information system that might be required for your colleague’s selected organization, including a rationale for why you suggested it.
  • Identify one or more additional key hardware and/or software tools that could be added to the technology toolkit for your colleague’s selected organization, including a rationale for why you recommend including them.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 1 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5

To participate in this Discussion:Week 1 Discussion


Assignment: Identifying Key Organizational Resources

What comes to mind when you think of the term information systems? Has your definition changed after reading this week’s Learning Resources? You might focus on the technological components that collect data and disseminate information. Or, you might focus on how people interact with information systems, such as how they use the information or how management information systems are implemented. Whichever aspect stands out, it’s important to know how information systems continue to grow and affect organizations around the world.

In this Assignment, you will respond to a set of questions on information technology, management information systems, and hardware and software.

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Refer to the Academic Writing Expectations for 2000/3000-Level Courses as you compose your Assignment.

By Day 7

Submit your responses to the following prompts:

  • Define information and information technology and provide examples of each. (75 words, or 1 paragraph)
  • Describe the role of management information systems in supporting a company’s business functions. (150 words, or 2 paragraphs)
  • Select two types of information systems a company might need and explain why those systems are important. (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)
  • People, information, and information technology are key resources in an organization. Place these three resources in order of importance to an organization (1 being most important, 3 being least important), and explain why you have ordered them as you have. (150–225 words, or 2–3 paragraphs)
  • Describe the role of the knowledge workers, or people, in a company in ensuring the management information systems are used effectively. (75–150 words, or 1–2 paragraphs)
  • Define the terms hardware and software. (75 words, or 1 paragraph)
  • Identify three types of hardware required to support a company’s operations and describe how they support those operations. (75 words, or 1 paragraph)
  • Identify three types of software required to support a company’s operations and describe how they support those operations. (75 words, or 1 paragraph)

Note: For each prompt, be sure to reference at least one scholarly source to support your answer. Use the Walden Undergraduate Paper Template, provided in this week’s Learning Resources, to complete this Assignment.

Walden Check BoxRefer to the Week 1 Assignment Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this grading rubric to assess your work.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 1 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 1 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:Week 1 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 1 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:Week 1 Assignment


Week in Review

This week, you explored the purpose of management information systems for organizations and defined what is meant by information and information technology. You explored what organizational resources are and why they are important in an organization, as well as the functions of and differences between hardware and software.

Next week, you will explore e-commerce models and IT systems by analyzing how information systems enable customer relationship management and supply chain management, as well as appraising the purpose of e-collaboration when supporting e-business operations. You will examine features of e-commerce and analyze the various characteristics of e-commerce models that organizations incorporate.

Next Week