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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 4 – Discussion

Week 4 – Discussion

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Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

Request for Proposals: Health Research Funding

Imagine that you receive the following request for proposals:

Request for Proposals: Health Research Funding
The ABC Community Health Program is pleased to announce a grant funding opportunity for new health researchers interested in investigating health problems affecting priority populations. Successful applicants will receive a $200,000 grant to fund activities over a 2 ½ year period to cover both salary and research activities. Funding is available for any research with a strong defined need, which should be clearly outlined in the proposal. Priority will be given to those proposals that specifically describe the research hypothesis and question(s), the research methodology, the sampling and measurement methods, and the potential ethical issues that might arise during the research. The research proposal, which can be a maximum of five pages, must include the following sections:

  • Introduction (project title, topic, priority population, research question, significance of research)
  • Literature Review (previous research on topic and population, unanswered questions)
  • Methodology
    • Overview of the approach
    • Research population
    • Sampling procedures
    • Measurement (type of data collected, strategy for data collection)
    • Potential threats to validity and reliability of data
  • Ethical considerations
  • References

All proposals will be evaluated by a Peer Reviewer using the Peer Review Evaluation Form  download.  Researchers are encouraged to review the form for details on how each of the sections are weighted and additional guidance on how each section will be evaluated by the reviewer.

For your discussion post, create a research proposal that you would submit for funding. Your proposal should be a maximum of five pages and address each of the sections listed in the request for proposals. You may submit your research proposal as a normal post or upload a document as an attachment.

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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 3 – Assignment 2

Building the Final Paper

In this assignment, you will review the article you will be using as the basis of your final paper and describe its basic components. This week’s assignment is the foundation (i.e. “rough draft”) for your Week 5 final paper. (Please read the Week 5 final paper assignment instructions in the Week 5 tab prior to completing this assignment.) In your Week 5 final paper, you will then analyze each of the components that you describe in this assignment. You will utilize the feedback from your instructor on the Week 3 assignment to edit the content, which you should include in your final paper.

Review the articles (listed in the Week Five readings) by Crespo, Elder, Ayala, Slymen, Campbell, Sallis,…Arredondo (2012) and Duffy, Kilbourne, Austin, Dalack, Woltmann, Waxmonshy, & Noonan (2012) (Links to an external site.), and select one to use as the basis of your final paper.  In your paper:

  • Describe the hypothesis and/or research question posed by your selected study.
  • Summarize the methodology used to address the research question/hypothesis.
  • Describe the sampling methods used to obtain the study sample.
  • Describe the measurement methods used to assess the research question.
  • Explain the ethical considerations discussed by the author(s).
  • Identify the author(s) conclusion(s).
  • Describe the limitations of the study.

The assignment must be four to five pages in length, excluding the title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Writing Center.

The Building the Final Paper assignment

  • Must be written in your own words and may not include quotations. Papers including quotes will not be accepted. All content from outside sources must be paraphrased and cited appropriately.
  • Must include an introduction that describes the topic of and provides a thesis for the paper.
  • Must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 3 – Assignment 1

Sampling

Review the articles by Peltzer, Preez, Ramlagan, & Fomundam (2008) (Links to an external site.) and Westrom, Maiers, Evans, & Bronfort (2010) (Links to an external site.), and select one to use as the basis of your assignment.  In your paper:

  • Describe the population being researched in this study.
  • Summarize the methods used to identify the sample and recruit participants into the study.
  • Compare the study sample to the population. Evaluate whether or not the study sample accurately reflects the population.
  • Assess whether or not the study findings can be reliably generalized to the population based on the sampling methods.
  • Propose one additional strategy that could have been used in the study to effectively sample the population to ensure the study results are generalizable to the population.

The assignment must be four to five pages in length, excluding the title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Writing Center. Use at least two scholarly sources, in addition to the workbook article, to support your discussion. The scholarly sources should be from a peer-reviewed journal found in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library.

The Sampling paper

  • Must be written in your own words and may not include quotations. Papers including quotes will not be accepted. All content from outside sources must be paraphrased and cited appropriately.
  • Must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two scholarly sources.
  • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 2 – Assignment 2

Health Research and Designs

Review the article by Adams, Halligan, Watson, Ryan, Penn, Adamson, & White (2012) (Links to an external site.).  In your paper:

  • Identify the hypothesis and/or research question(s) of the study.
  • Explain the study design.
  • Summarize the difference between qualitative and quantitative data/research. Indicate which variables/data in the study were qualitative and which were quantitative.
  • Examine whether the data collected for this research provided a solid answer to the research question or supported the hypothesis.

The assignment must be three to four pages in length, excluding the title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Writing Center. Use at least two scholarly sources, in addition to the workbook article, to support your discussion. The scholarly sources should be from a peer-reviewed journal found in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library.

The Health Research and Designs paper

  • Must be written in your own words and may not include quotations. Papers including quotes will not be accepted. All content from outside sources must be paraphrased and cited appropriately.
  • Must be three to four double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two scholarly sources.
  • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 2 – Assignment 1

Informed Consent

The Belmont Report (Links to an external site.) (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1979) specifically describes the ethical principles and guidelines for research involving human subjects, which came about due to the abuse of human subjects in biomedical experiments during World War II. A significant part of these guidelines relates to ensuring that the people participating in research fully understand the risks and benefits of being part of the study. We define the process of informing study participants of those risks and benefits as “informed consent”. Today, all research involving human subjects must involve informed consent. For this assignment, you will imagine that you are conducting a research study and will develop an informed consent form for it. To begin, read through the following scenario for a potential experiment. Then, using this week’s readings as a guide, draft a formal consent form that each participant will sign prior to agreeing to their participation in the research study.

Scenario:
Imagine that you are the lead researcher at a pharmaceuticals laboratory. You have just discovered a new pill that has the potential to cure Type 1 diabetes in human beings. A five-year randomized controlled study using chimpanzees found that diabetes was cured in the animals who took a daily dose of 500mg of your new drug, DIA123. Specifically, the research found that:

  • After two years of taking 500mg of DIA123, diabetes was no longer an issue among 78% of the chimps, and they no longer needed insulin injections.
  • The dosage was decreased to 250mg for year three, and the diabetes never returned.
  • DIA123 was eliminated in years four and five, and the diabetes never returned.
  • No additional exercise or dietary restrictions aided in the study. Therefore, the analysis strongly supported the hypothesis that DIA123 was the primary cause of the elimination of diabetes.

While the diabetes issue was eliminated, the research discovered a few side effects:

  • 2% of the chimps suffered from moderate to severe diarrhea, which started within a month of taking the pills. This led to the possibility of dehydration, so careful monitoring of liquids was necessary.
  • 15% of the chimps suffered from excessive heart palpitations during the three years taking DIA123. Due to the length of the study, the long-term impacts of these heart palpitations are unknown.
  • 18% of the chimps suffered from a loss of libido, which did not dissipate after discontinuing DIA123 in years four and five.
  • 25% of the chimps suffered from mild depression while taking DIA123 during years one through three. The depression dissipated for approximately half of the chimps after discontinuing DIA123 in years four and five, but continued for the other half.

Because of the public health implications of such a drug, the Centers for Disease Control and Food and Drug Administration approved a new five-year study with the use of male and female human subjects ages 18 to 55. An experiment will be done with humans that is identical to the one conducted with the chimpanzees. The participants will not receive any remuneration for their participation, which is fully voluntary.

Your job is to create the informed consent form for this study. Use one of the sample templates in the resource materials to help guide you. Make sure you address all of the necessary questions that are outlined in the Ethics and Informed Consent (Links to an external site.) (University of Connecticut, n.d.) document.

The Informed Consent Form

  • Must be one to two pages in length, formatted appropriately as an informed consent form.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 2 – Discussion

Week 2 – Discussion

2929 unread replies.4545 replies.

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

At the Playground

Imagine that you are a researcher interested in how schools can help to increase physical activity of children. You would like to investigate what role having organized activities available during recess plays in whether or not children participate in physical activity at school. You have decided to perform a qualitative observational research study by watching school children and their activities during a 30-minute recess period. On eight different occasions at eight different schools, you watch children at recess. View these eight photographs that represent the “pictures” you would have seen in person. Based on your observations, create a hypothesis. What evidence did you gather that supports your hypothesis? Analyze the elements that you can conclude about your hypothesis simply by your observations.

Children playing basketball
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Guided Response: Imagine that, after having read the report of your classmate’s research, you would like to continue the investigation into the role of organized activities on physical activity of school children during recess. You decide to conduct additional research using a quantitative observational research method (e.g. cohort, case study, cross sectional) using your classmate’s hypothesis as a starting point. What quantitative data would you want to gather to investigate your classmate’s hypothesis? Describe the research design you would use to determine whether your classmate’s hypothesis was “on target”. Respond to two of your classmates.

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HPR460: Analysis of Health Research

HPR460 Week 1 – Assignment

Sections of a Research Article

Research articles follow a standard format and usually include the following sections: abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, and references. In this assignment, you will explain each of the sections of a research article and illustrate your understanding of each section utilizing the assigned article. Review the assigned article by Swendsen, Conway, Degenhardt, Glantz, Jin, Merikangas, Sampson, & Kessler (2010) (Links to an external site.) closely prior to writing your paper. In a three to four page paper:

The Sections of a Research Article paper

  • Must be written in your own words and may not include quotations. Papers including quotes will not be accepted. All content from outside sources must be paraphrased and cited appropriately.
  • Must be three to four double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two scholarly sources.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.